How to install Asterisk 1.4 and FreePBX 2.3.1 in Ubuntu Linux

#How To Install step by step Asterisk in Ubuntu Server 

# Linux Version :              	Ubuntu Server 
# Linux Kernel :			2.6.22
# Asterisk Version :    		Asterisk V.1.4.13
# FreePBX Version  :   		FreePBX 2.3.1


#  Linux filesystem partition example

#   /boot 	100  MB
#   /var 	4   GB
#   /home 	6   GB
#   /usr 	12  GB
#   / 		6   GB
#   Swap 	600 MB 

# RAM Memory:	512 MB
# CPU:		Intel(R) Pentium(R) 4 CPU 3.06GHz
# Ethernet:		10/100  VT6102 [Rhine-II] 
# FXO Card:		1 FXO Tiger Jet Network Inc. Tiger3XX Modem/ISDN interface
# FXS card:	
# Sound:		VT8233/A/8235/8237 AC97 Audio Controller
# Bluetooth:	
# WiFi:		

# Other Devices:


# ************************************************************************************************
# ************************************************************************************************
# ********************************	Packages Install
# ************************************************************************************************
# ************************************************************************************************


#   After of install Ubuntu Linux the first thing that we need to do is change the root password
sudo passwd root
	password

#Edit the next file /etc/apt/sources.list and uncomment the next packages repositories
	sudo editor /etc/apt/sources.list

#uncomment and after save the edited file
	deb http://us.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ dapper universe
	deb-src http://us.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ dapper universe

#   First we need to install OpenSSH to communicate from other PC using SSH.
	sudo apt-get install openssl libssl-dev ssh

#   After we need to install compilation library
	sudo apt-get install gcc make g++

#   View what kernel version has installed our Ubuntu Linux
	uname -a

#   after of run the command uname I can see something like that
    Linux MexRom 2.6.22-14-generic #1 SMP Sun Oct 14 23:05:12 GMT 2007 i686 GNU/Linux

#   Then I need to search the headers, images and sources for kernel 
	apt-cache search 2.6.22

#   we need to install the headers, image and sources for the kernel 
	sudo apt-get install linux-headers-2.6.22-14-generic linux-image-2.6.22-14-generic linux-source-2.6.22

#   too we need install the next applications nmap is practice to view what porst have open our linux systmen, lynx to see any web site from CLI and emacs to files edit
	sudo apt-get install nmap lynx emacs21

#   We will install festival beacuse is very important for make AGIs with asterisk and any programming language
	sudo apt-get install festival festival-dev

#   We need the next library to Asterisk
	sudo apt-get install ncurses-base ncurses-bin ncurses-term libncurses5 libncursesw5 libncurses5-dev libncursesw5-dev

#   Too is necessary to install the next library
	sudo apt-get install zlib1g zlib1g-dev

#   This library are required by FreePBX
	sudo apt-get install bison bison-doc

#   library required for FreePBX
	sudo apt-get install libxml2 libxml2-dev

#   library required for FreePBX
	sudo apt-get install libtiff4 libtiff4-dev

#   library required for FreePBX for audio processing 
	sudo apt-get install libasound2 libgsm1 libltdl3 libpq4 libspeex1 libsqlite0 libtonezone1 libaudiofile0 libaudiofile-dev

# if you will install a Sangoma Card then you will need install the next 
	sudo apt-get install flex

#   This library are necessary to Asterisk Documentation and install new versions of Asterisk and FreePBX 
	sudo apt-get install subversion curl doxygen

#   library required for FreePBX
	sudo apt-get install libnet-telnet-perl mime-construct libipc-signal-perl libmime-types-perl libproc-waitstat-perl

#   Install Apache web server to acces from any computer to FreePBX GUI
	sudo apt-get install apache2

#   PHP Librarys required for FreePBX
	sudo apt-get install php5 php5-cli php5-mysql php-pear libapache2-mod-php5 php5-curl php5-gd php-db

#   We need install MySQL Database server to manage the cdr information and asterisk configuration from FreePBX.
	sudo apt-get install mysql-client-5.0 mysql-server-5.0 libmysqlclient15-dev

#   After of Install MySQL maybe we need make any changes these
	We need enter the root password to MySQL Server
	Change the information of Internet Site and select of type like this
		localhost.localdomain 



# ************************************************************************************************
# ************************************************************************************************
# ********************************	Asterisk Package Compilations    ****************************
# ************************************************************************************************
# ************************************************************************************************


#   in this second step we need create a new folder to put the asterisk packages downloaded
	mkdir ~/asterisk
	cd asterisk

#   Download the next files and save in the new folder created

#   Download asterisk-perl this module will allow us process the Asterisk Configuration
	wget http://www.cpan.org/modules/by-category/25_Bundles/Asterisk/asterisk-perl-0.10.tar.gz

#   These files are requires to control the mp3 and other audio files such as GSM, Ulaw, alaw files  etc.
	wget http://superb-east.dl.sourceforge.net/sourceforge/sox/sox-14.0.0.tar.gz
	wget http://easynews.dl.sourceforge.net/sourceforge/lame/lame-3.97.tar.gz

#   Download FreePBX Package that is the main application to configure asterisk from a web navigator
	wget http://easynews.dl.sourceforge.net/sourceforge/amportal/freepbx-2.3.1.tar.gz

#   Asterisk Packages
	wget http://downloads.digium.com/pub/asterisk/releases/asterisk-1.4.13.tar.gz
#If we have a digium card to connect the pstn to our voip network then we need download and install the next package
	wget http://downloads.digium.com/pub/zaptel/releases/zaptel-1.4.5.1.tar.gz
	wget http://downloads.digium.com/pub/libpri/releases/libpri-1.4.1.tar.gz
	wget http://downloads.digium.com/pub/asterisk/releases/asterisk-addons-1.4.4.tar.gz
#voices in english for Asterisk
	wget http://downloads.digium.com/pub/telephony/sounds/asterisk-core-sounds-en-ulaw-current.tar.gz
	wget http://downloads.digium.com/pub/telephony/sounds/asterisk-extra-sounds-en-ulaw-current.tar.gz
	wget http://downloads.digium.com/pub/telephony/sounds/asterisk-moh-freeplay-ulaw.tar.gz

# we go the following directory
	cd /usr/src/

#   we decompress the lame package and we compile and to install
	sudo tar -xvzf ~/asterisk/lame-3.97.tar.gz
	cd lame-3.97
	sudo ./configure --prefix=/usr --sysconfdir=/etc
	sudo make && sudo make install

#   we decompress sox package and we install this library to process multimedia files
	cd /usr/src/
	sudo tar -xzvf ~/asterisk/sox-14.0.0.tar.gz
	cd sox-14.0.0
   	sudo ./configure
   	sudo make
   	sudo make install

#   We need to install Asterisk-Perl to process the Asterisk File Configuration
	cd /usr/src/
	sudo tar -xzvf ~/asterisk/asterisk-perl-0.10.tar.gz
	cd asterisk-perl-0.10
	sudo perl Makefile.PL
	sudo make all
	sudo make install


#   To descompress FreePBX 
	cd /usr/src
	sudo tar -xzvf ~/asterisk/freepbx-2.3.1.tar.gz
	cd /usr/src/freepbx-2.3.1



#    Begin to install the database for Asterisk in MySQL
#   First We need to access to MySQL CLI, enter the password root, if you don't have configure the password root for mysql then is very important that yo make this step.
	mysql -u root -p
   		ENTER
   		show databases;
   		use mysql ;
#   Change the root password if you dont have make it
   update user set password = password("PaSsWoRd") where user = "root";

# Create the asterisk user for mysql
   grant all privileges on *.* to asterisk@localhost identified by "4st3r1sk";
   flush privileges;
   exit

#   Entet to mysql using the asterisk user created
   mysql -u asterisk -p

#   create the database for Asterisk Configuration and CDR information
   	create database asteriskcdrdb;
   	create database asterisk;
   	exit

#   dump the database schema that is in SQL Folder of FreePBX installation directory
   mysql -u asterisk -p  asterisk < /usr/src/freepbx-2.3.1/SQL/newinstall.sql
   mysql -u asterisk -p  asteriskcdrdb < /usr/src/freepbx-2.3.1/SQL/cdr_mysql_table.sql

#   Finish the MySQL Configuration



#   Create the user for Asterisk and change him password
	sudo groupadd asterisk
	sudo useradd -c "PBX asterisk" -d /var/lib/asterisk -g asterisk asterisk
	sudo passwd asterisk
#  Create the next directory where Asterisk will put  the PID Asterisk Run	
	sudo mkdir /var/run/asterisk
	sudo chown asterisk:asterisk /var/run/asterisk


#   Add the Asterisk user for Apache
	sudo emacs /etc/group 
   	www-data:x:33:asterisk
# press ctrl+x ctrl+s, para salir ctr+x, ctr+cto save and quit

#   Search the apache configuration using the find command
	find /etc/apache2/ -type f | xargs grep Group


#   Edit the next file
	sudo emacs /etc/apache2/apache2.conf 

#to search en Emacs press Ctrl+s and enter the text to search
#   Change default user for Apache by asterisk user
  	User www-data
  	Group www-data
# change by
  	User asterisk
  	Group asterisk
# saver and quit (to save ctrl+x ctrl+s, to quit ctr+x, ctr+c )


#   execute the next command to change the permissions of php lib sessions
	sudo chown -R asterisk /var/lib/php5


#   Edit the php file configuration and modify the following php properties
  	sudo emacs /etc/php5/apache2/php.ini
		upload_max_filesize = 32M
		max_execution_time = 120
		max_input_time = 120


#   create the Asterisk directrory in /usr/src
  	sudo mkdir /usr/src/asterisk
  	cd /usr/src/asterisk  


#  decompress the libpri library
	sudo tar zvxf ~/asterisk/libpri-1.4.1.tar.gz


#  decompress the zaptel library
	sudo tar zvxf ~/asterisk/zaptel-1.4.5.1.tar.gz


#   decompress Asterisk Files
	sudo tar zvxf ~/asterisk/asterisk-1.4.13.tar.gz


#   decompress Asterisk AddOns
	sudo tar zvxf ~/asterisk/asterisk-addons-1.4.4.tar.gz


#   decompress Asterisk Sounds
	sudo mkdir asterisk-sounds
	cd asterisk-sounds
	sudo tar zvxf ~/asterisk/asterisk-core-sounds-en-ulaw-current.tar.gz
	sudo tar zvxf ~/asterisk/asterisk-extra-sounds-en-ulaw-current.tar.gz
	sudo tar zvxf ~/asterisk/asterisk-moh-freeplay-ulaw.tar.gz


#   compile LibPri library
   	cd /usr/src/asterisk/libpri-1.4.1
   	sudo make & sudo make install


#   compile the Zaptel Drivers for asterisk
   	cd /usr/src/asterisk/zaptel-1.4.5.1
   	sudo make clean
   	sudo make
   	sudo make install
	sudo make config


#   Compiling Asterisk
   	cd /usr/src/asterisk/asterisk-1.4.13
   	sudo make clean
	sudo ./configure
   	sudo make
   	sudo make install
  	sudo make samples
   	sudo make progdocs


#   Compiling Asterisk AddOns
	cd /usr/src/asterisk/asterisk-addons-1.4.4
	sudo make
	sudo make install

#   Copy the Asterisk Sound to Asterisk sound default directory
	sudo cp -rf /usr/src/asterisk/asterisk-sounds/* /var/lib/asterisk/sounds/   


#   Restart Apache Web Server
   	sudo /etc/init.d/apache2 restart

#   Edit the asterisk file config
  	sudo emacs /etc/asterisk/asterisk.conf

#  change the next line
	RUNASTERISK=/var/run
#   by
	RUNASTERISK=/var/run/asterisk

#   change the user for /var/run/asterisk
   	sudo chown -R asterisk:asterisk /var/run/asterisk


#   Start Asterisk before to begin install FreePBX or FreePBX dont let you to install if dont have started asterisk previously
	sudo asterisk start


# check if asterisk has started
	ps aux | grep asterisk

#if Asterisk has started then maybe you can see somethink like this
	root     14992  0.2  1.7  22044  7752 ?        Ssl  07:14   0:00 asterisk start

#    To go FreePBX Directory Installation
   	cd /usr/src/freepbx-2.3.1/

#    Install the db library using pear
   	sudo pear install db

# if you dont found the package, then you can install it manually : sudo pear install db.17.0.0.tgz
	sudo mkdir /var/www/asterisk/
	sudo mkdir /var/www/asterisk/cgi-bin
	sudo chown asterisk:asterisk /var/www/asterisk
	sudo ./install_amp

#   after to execute install_amp it will request  the values to create the file configuration

#   first will request the mysql database user 
	[asteriskuser] asterisk

# after enter the password for mysql user
	Enter your PASSWORD to connect to the 'asterisk' database: 
	[amp109] 4st3r1sk

# Enter the name of database server, if your database server is other server that not be your local hostlocalhost then enter the IP address or the domain name.
	Enter the hostname of the 'asterisk' database: 
	[localhost] localhost

#User name to access to Asterisk Manager Interface
	Enter a USERNAME to connect to the Asterisk Manager interface: 
	[admin] asterisk

# Password for AMI
	Enter a PASSWORD to connect to the Asterisk Manager interface: 
	[amp111] 4st3.r1sk

# Path for the web directory of FreePBX installation
	Enter the path to use for your AMP web root: 
	[/var/www/html] /var/www/asterisk

#IP Address of web server
	Enter the IP ADDRESS or hostname used to access the AMP web-admin:
 	[xx.xx.xx.xx] 192.168.1.2

# Password to operate Flash Operator Panel
	Enter a PASSWORD to perform call transfers with the Flash Operator Panel:
 	[passw0rd] 4st3r1sk.01

# Select default 
	Use simple Extensions [extensions] admin or separate Devices and Users [deviceanduser]?
 	[extensions]     

# Select default
	Enter directory in which to store AMP executable scripts:
 	[/var/lib/asterisk/bin]

# Select default
	Enter directory in which to store super-user scripts:
 	[/usr/local/sbin]


#    if you had any error  check the database password and user, php and mysql library, apache restart, check pear and php-db installation
#    en caso de que tuviera un error al ejecutar FreePBX puede reconfigurarlo pero previamente eliminar el archivo de configuracion en /etc/amportal.conf 


#   create the following directory
  	sudo mkdir /var/lib/asterisk/sounds/custom

#   change the user for the following directory
  	sudo chown -R asterisk:asterisk /var/lib/asterisk/

# stop asterisk
	ps aux | grep asterisk
	root     14992  0.0  1.7  22524  7892 ?        Ssl  07:14   0:00 asterisk start
#14992 is the Asterisk PID , you will have to stop this pid using the kill command
	sudo kill -s 9 14992

#Edit the next file and add the following line if this dont exist in the file
	sudo emacs /etc/default/asterisk
   		RUNASTERISK=yes

#   Run amportal
   	sudo amportal start 

#   verify if asterisk is running
	sudo ps aux | grep asterisk

#   if asterisk is running you should see something like this
	root     15759  0.0  0.1   3864   736 pts/2    S    07:30   0:00 /bin/bash /usr/sbin/safe_asterisk -U asterisk -G asterisk
	asterisk 15764  2.0  1.9  22436  8552 pts/2    Sl   07:30   0:00 /usr/sbin/asterisk -f -U asterisk -G asterisk -vvvg -c
	asterisk 15811  0.0  0.1   1752   496 pts/2    S    07:30   0:00 sh /var/www/asterisk/panel/safe_opserver
	asterisk 15812 14.0  1.8  11072  8340 pts/2    S    07:30   0:00 /usr/bin/perl -w /var/www/asterisk/panel/op_server.pl


#  Open FireFox and enter the ip address of your web server and put the complete path for FreePBX
 http://192.168.1.2/asterisk/admin/

# By default FreePBX not request your password, but after you should change the admin password and user

# Disconnect of FreePBX 

# 	Later edit the amportal.conf file and change the  AUTHTYPE value to database
	sudo emacs /etc/amportal.conf
		AUTHTYPE=database

#	try again connect to FreePBX newly you will be able of enter your user and password to connect to FreePBX Admin
	login:admin
	password:4st3r1sk

#Now we have enabled the FreePBX to config Asterisk PBX

#	You too can go to the Admin Module and check for new updates and downlooad this modules for have a FreePBX more advanced.

#	If the Flash Operator Panel was not enabled, then copy the FOP files of panel directory in FreePBX Installation directory to directory configured in amportal for FOP.
	cd /usr/src/freepbx-2.3.1
	sudo cp -rf  amp_conf/htdocs_panel/* /var/www/asterisk/panel
	sudo chown asterisk.asterisk /var/www/asterisk/



This How To has been created in Mexico City.
If you search more information visit http://phylevn.mexrom.com or contact me by mean email in fileinleon at gmail dot com
Created by: filein81, Last modification: Sun 20 of May, 2012 (19:15 UTC) by admin


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