- Voice Boards
- Fax Boards
- Conference Boards
- VoIP Boards
- IP Link Boards
- Station Interface Boards
- Telephony Boards
There is considerable overlap in function for these boards. A voice board, for example, can sometimes support T.38 fax protocol, and both conference and VoIP boards also support voice. Not all resellers agree on a naming convention, and the names are more based on the need of the business or PBX system in question.
Voice BoardsVoice boards or voice cards are voice processing devices that simulate FXS signals between a computer and a telephone. A voice board can sometimes function as an interface for different communication media, such as fax, along with VoIP.
See more about voice boards.
Fax BoardsFax boards convert fax signals (digital or analog) into data packets transmittable over an IP network. Fax boards may support a dedicated fax server on a LAN or allow a single computer to receive and transmit fax.
Fax boards, like other interface boards, fit in PCI or PCI Express expansion slots in a computer. Fax boards can be used with analog telephone lines or in combination with software that uses T.38 protocol.
Conference BoardsConference boards are much like a voice card with support of numerous channels (e.g. 16 members in a conference). The interface creates a conference by cross connecting time slots in its voice channels with that of the selected other channels in a conference stream.
VoIP BoardsVoIP boards can provide the major services required for a VoIP telephone system. A VoIP board will encode, decode, parse, and receive either SIP or H.323 packets. Like voice cards, VoIP boards contain multiple channels for phone system lines and extensions. A VoIP board replaces a PSTN line board in a telephone system.
The number of VoIP boards required for a networked telephone system is equal to the number of nodes (connection point, endpoint, or terminal) in the IP system.
IP Link BoardsIP link boards are a general piece networking system hardware, not necessarily for telephony.
These interface boards allow nodes to communicate at the data-link layer of Internet Protocol. Types of IP links include Ethernets, hubs, and Asynchronous Transfer Mode.
GatewaysGateways are used in telephony to communicate with another network that uses a different protocol. VoIP gateways, or media gateways, translate analog to digital data or vice versa and allow an IP PBX to connect to the PSTN. See more about VoIP gateways.
Station Interface BoardsStation interface boards assist converged or hybrid communications systems. Station interface boards act as a switch device that connect to analog phone devices. Like many interface boards, a station interface board is installed in a PCI or PCI Express expansion slot.
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